We know that all the tissues of our body are contained in their respective organs. Now, an organ might be malformed and protrude or bulges out of their constituent tissue. Hernia occurs when the part of the body tissue, which holds the organ loses its firmness and tend to loosen thus causing the organ to protrude out of the weakened tissue.
Hernia can occur in any part in our body; however, the tissues of the abdomen are more vulnerable to it.
What does Hernia do?
Hernia is very painful and the movement of the part where it occurs is definitely going to be effected and lose agility. Once a person gets hernia, it is difficult to cure it. They are like the vicious circles that keep repeating at some point or the other. However, depending on the nature of the organ, there could be some temporary cure but no permanent relief. It could be dangerous to neglect hernia, might even be fatal.
When the hernia within the bowels, gets twisted and may collapse, the blood circulation stops at that region, resulting in the death of the tissue. This is a serious situation and the person must undergo an operation immediately.
Commonly known Hernia
Although, there are several forms of hernia still, all of them do not frequently occur. The most commonly occurring ones are listed below:
The Abdominal Wall Hernia is a well-known disease that occurs in at least 1 percent of the population. It is otherwise known as Epigastria or Ventral Hernia. The Umblical and Inguinal Hernias also fall under the Abdominal Wall Hernial category.
Next is the Indirect Inguinal Hernia, which is exclusive to men. This hernia gets its roots from the childhood itself. The intestinal canal, which passes through that of the testis, undergoes a loop and entering the scrotum. This results in abnormal growth of the scrotum.
The Direct Inguinal Hernia affects both men and women. The intestine forms a loop in the interiors of the groin, causing it to bulge.
The Femoral Hernia could be seen in both, men and women although most commonly women are vulnerable to it. This hernia affects the blood vessels in the thigh, where the loop enters the blood vessel canal. This will create a swelling in the groin and the inner part of the thigh.
Umblical Hernia is another common hernia, where the loop of the intestine bulges out of the abdomen tissues, but stays below the skin. This is found in both men and women.
The Hiatal Hernia occurs when the stomach loop comes out and grows upright, entering the lungs (through the diaphragm) and can affect both men and women.
Another common form of hernia is the Incisional Hernia. This is an example of the recurring hernia that was mentioned earlier. After the surgery, when the tissue (operated tissue) suffers from excessive strain while lifting heavy loads or severe coughing, there is an excessive stress on the incisional tissue.
Why does it Happen?
A few Hernias might be present right from the childhood, although many are seen only after sometime. It happens due to the excessive pressure in the openings in the abdominal region. Hernia is a hereditary disease and even common coughs or strains during exercises and lifting weights, accumulation of foods in the abdominal canal or sometimes obesity might cause hernia. Sometimes chronic lung disease is known to be the main cause of hernia.
Hernia Symptoms (Symptoms of Hernia)
There might be many hernia symptoms, based on the type and the tissue affected. Mostly all the Hernia start off, as an unnoticeable breakthroughs of the tissues. They just appear as small chunks under the skin, which might be as small as a marble. The starting of Hernia is generally painless. But with time, the size increases as the pressure on the internal walls increases and it turns out to be pretty painful.
To begin with, Hernia can be controlled, by just carefully treating the bulging parts and pushing them inside. This kind is called Reducible Hernia, but the ones, which cannot be controlled even after surgery, are called Irreducible or Incarcerated Hernia.
Treatment of Hernia
To control the growth of the tissues, one can use supports and binds for temporary relief. For a better solution, a surgery can be done on the affected muscles. This surgery is called as Herniorrhaphy. If the region affected is big, then some artificial material can be used to replace or sew the region. And necessary care has to be taken to avoid any infections after the treatment. In addition, the affected person should be very careful about the surgery and question the doctor about any doubts regarding the side effects of the surgery.